Ellyn Bader

Neuron_225In my online training program, I often invite guest experts to teach an extra class for my members. Recently Dr. Dan Siegel joined us. He packed an enormous amount into the time we all spent together.

Dr. Dan Siegel is never complacent. Instead, he is always pushing the field and taking really complex material and trying to make it memorable and easy to understand.

I asked him to update us on some perspectives on Interpersonal Neurobiology and Couples Therapy. Today I thought I’d share with you a summary of his key points.

Dan is especially interested in having one framework that brings together many scientific fields: anthropology, culture, sociology, linguistics, psychology, biology, neuroscience, chemistry, physics and math. He tries to find universal principles across the disciplines – and specifically to explain 3 legs of a triangle: the embodied brain, relationships and the mind.

Interpersonal neurobiology studies the triangle of an embodied brain on one point, relationships on another point and the mind on the third.

A major conclusion from the study of interpersonal neurobiology is that differentiation + linkage = integration and health. Health is integration. Blockages to integration, that means blockages to differentiation and/or linkage, lead to impairments in health.

How does all this help couples therapists?

To quote Dan, “When a couple are not honoring their differences and respecting each other's uniqueness but are trying to make each other be the same, differentiation isn’t honored. When linkage is not there, they are not having time to spend together, going for a walk together, holding hands. This compassionate, loving, affectionate connection is a linkage. When you don’t combine differentiation and linkage, you don’t get integration.”

And without these, the result is either chaos or rigidity.

Taking this one step further is a wonderful finding that relational integration cultivates neuronal integration, which then supports healthy self-regulation as well. This supports the work Pete and I have done for many years.

In a couple, relational integration takes place when the two partners honor their differences, learn to love each others’ imperfections and are able to support respectful communication.

As couples therapists we all know how crucial healthy self-regulation is when couples encounter their inevitable moments of difference!

So, when couples are able to move past their insecure attachment histories, learn to function with new patterns that support security, and honor their differences, their neural plasticity increases. Science seems to support this conclusion. For more information on Dan Siegel’s work visit his website.

If you are interested in joining my online couples therapy training, we will open registration again briefly in early January. You can click here for more information or to get on the waiting list now.


Ellyn Bader, Ph.D., is Co-Founder & Director of The Couples Institute and creator of The Developmental Model of Couples Therapy. Ellyn is widely recognized as an expert in couples therapy, and since 2006 she has led innovative online training programs for therapists. Professionals from around the world connect with her through internet, conference calls and blog discussions to study couples therapy.

Ellyn’s first book, "In Quest of the Mythical Mate," won the Clark Vincent Award by the California Association of Marriage & Family Therapists for its outstanding contribution to the field of marital therapy and is now in its 18th printing. She has been featured on over 50 radio and television programs including "The Today Show" and "CBS Early Morning News," and she has been quoted in many publications including "The New York Times," "The Oprah Magazine" and "Cosmopolitan."

    Find more about me on:
  • googleplus

Tags: , Forward to a Colleague
Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

A Glossary of Terms that are sometimes Confusing

Couples Therapy is a counseling procedure that seeks to improve the adjustment of two people who have created an interdependent relationship. There are no standard procedures to help two people improve their adjustments to each other. Generally, a more experienced therapist will offer more perspectives and tools to a couple. Length of treatment will depend on severity of problems, motivation and skills of the therapist. A couple can be dating, living together, married or separating and may be gay, lesbian or heterosexual.

Marriage Therapy is a term often used interchangeably with marriage counseling. The term marriage implies two people have created a union sanctioned by a government or religious institution. The methods used in marriage counseling, marriage therapy and couples therapy are interchangeable and depend more on the specific challenges of each unique couple.

Psychotherapy is one or more processes to help improve psychological and emotional functioning. Examples are psychoanalysis, cognitive therapy, behavior therapy, Gestalt therapy, Transactional Analysis, Rational-Emotive therapy, or group therapy. Many forms of psychotherapy are blends of different approaches. For example, newer forms of psychotherapy called energy psychology draw upon recent advances in brain and neuroscience. These approaches often build on cognitive behavioral methods.

Clinical Psychologist. After graduating from college, it usually takes about five years of graduate school to get a Ph.D. in Psycholgy. It then requires an additional two years of supervision and passing a written (and often) an oral exam. There are a few states that allow psychologists to prescribe medications (with additional training) but that is uncommon.

Psychiatrist. After graduation from medical school, there is a generally a 4-year psychiatric residency. After the completion of this training, psychiatrists must pass an exam issued by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology to obtain certification and legally practice in the field. Psychiatrists can prescribe medications.

Clinical Social Worker. This profession usually requires two years of study after obtaining an undergraduate degree. While specific licensure requirements vary by state, most require clinical social workers to obtain 3,000 hours or 2 years of supervised clinical experience, after obtaining a Masters degree. Social workers can also specialize in diverse fields such as human services management, social welfare analysis, community organizing, social and community development, and social and political research.

Marriage and Family Therapist. Obtaining this license requires a Masters degree which takes approximately two years of post graduate study. The license also requires 3000 hours of supervised work and passing written exams.

The Couples Institute. We have assembled a group of top notch therapists at The Couples Institute. Whatever marriage help or marriage advice you are looking for, we are here to serve you. While most other therapists see only a few couples a week, we specialize in marriage and couples relationships, working to develop and bring you the most current and effective approaches to couples therapy. For more information about couples therapy or marriage counseling, see our couples therapy section.